What are the symptoms of panic disorder? What is the cause and treatment?

It must have been the experience of suffering from such painful physical symptoms that I thought I was going to die. Panic disorder can involve these fears and fears because of sudden panic attacks. In order to face and control symptoms of panic disorder, it is important to know which illness it is. This time, I will explain such a panic disorder. Find out what to do when you have a panic attack and how to treat panic disorder.



Features of Panic Disorder

What is Panic Disorder?

Panic attacks are defined as sudden and unexpected symptoms such as excitement, dizziness, hand tremors, choking, nausea, and sweating. Panic Disorder”. The symptoms that appear in panic attacks are also suspected of heart, lung, and brain diseases, and it is not uncommon for patients to receive medical care many times at medical institutions, including emergency outpatient clinics. A panic attack is not a panic attack. The frequency of panic attacks varies from person to person, and can range from several times a month to several times a week. Panic disorder is by no means a rare disease, and it is said that 6 to 9 out of 1,000 people develop panic disorder during their lifetime.


What Causes Panic Disorder?

The exact cause has not yet been clarified, but it is likely that transmitters in the brain and stress have an effect. When some kind of abnormality occurs in the transmission function, an alarm that informs the brain of “life crisis” is activated, causing a panic attack. In addition, seizures may occur when experiencing strong stress several months before the onset, or when certain substances such as caffeine are ingested, and various causes are considered.


What are the symptoms of Panic Disorder?

Panic disorder has three symptoms: panic attacks, anticipatory anxiety, and agoraphobia. That’s why the expression “suddenly wakes up” is used. Anxiety’ as a characteristic symptom of panic disorder. Agoraphobia is a state in which people avoid certain places because they feel anxious that they will have a seizure if they go to this place, or that they will not be able to escape even if an attack occurs. People often interfere with their daily routines and work to avoid certain places to avoid panic attacks. The specific place varies from person to person, and can be an elevator, a train, a company, etc. Unpredictable anxiety and agoraphobia are not symptoms of all panic attack sufferers, but they can make it difficult for people to leave the house or leave the office.


What should I do if I have a panic attack?

When you have a panic attack, don’t panic and breathe slowly. It is also important to be as comfortable as possible. . It is very painful for painful symptoms to last that long, but it is also important to think that “the attack will definitely subside” and have some peace of mind. It is recommended that you know how to breathe so that you can calm your mind even a little.


How Panic Disorder Is Diagnosed and Treated

What department should I see if I suspect panic disorder?

If you have symptoms that suggest panic disorder, please consult a psychiatrist or cardiologist. However, rather than going to a psychiatrist or cardiology department, it is not uncommon for people to go to an internal medicine department or an emergency outpatient department, thinking that they may have a serious illness. Symptoms such as chest pounding, chest pain, and cold sweat that appear in a panic attack are also symptoms of suspected myocardial infarction. In the case of a panic attack, physical examination does not show any abnormalities. Based on the results, you may be referred to a psychiatrist or cardiologist. One way to confirm that it is not a physical disease is to first see a doctor.


Please tell me about the diagnostic criteria

First, you need to make sure there are no abnormalities in your body. In addition, the sudden occurrence of seizures without any reason is also necessary information for the diagnosis of panic disorder. Panic disorder is diagnosed when mental symptoms such as anxiety and fear that “an attack may occur again” and behavioral changes to avoid attacks are repeated for a month.


How to treat panic disorder

The main treatments are medication and psychotherapy. Drug therapy, which aims to prevent seizures, includes antidepressants such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and benzodiazepine antianxiety drugs. Proper stomach control can prevent or reduce the number of attacks, which can help control panic disorder.


Drug therapy is not the only treatment

“Exposure therapy” is known to be effective for panic disorder. It means getting used to uneasy situations and alleviating anxiety by saying, “I’m fine in this situation.” In addition, there are breathing exercises and cognitive behavioral therapy, and the psychotherapy that suits the patient is selected. In particular, exposure therapy can face painful scenes, so crowds are prohibited. It is important to proceed at your own pace without rushing the treatment of panic disorder.

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Prognosis of panic disorder and precautions in daily life

Anyone who has experienced a panic attack or unexpected anxiety knows that it can be gripping with the fear that it will never go away and that you will live with it for the rest of your life. It’s not unreasonable to be anxious, but panic disorder is a good disease when properly treated.


However, if panic attacks and panic disorder are left untreated, it becomes difficult to go out, and anxiety about attacks increases. Panic disorder rarely gets better on its own if left untreated, but rather becomes chronic and increases the risk of depression and depression.


what to pay attention to in my daily life

It is known that panic attacks are more likely to occur due to fatigue and lack of sleep, so it is important to get enough sleep and avoid fatigue. Pay attention to a regular life and a nutritionally balanced diet. Avoid caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine, and exercise moderately during the day. In addition, treatment of panic disorder is not completed in just a few visits. It is important. Don’t discontinue your medication on your own, saying, “I haven’t had a seizure lately,” adjust your medication according to your doctor’s instructions. Important point.


How can the people around you support you?

It is not uncommon for panic disorder patients to suffer from the thought that “people around them cannot understand”. They suffer from anxiety and the unpredictable, and face the fear of death. If you have a friend or family member close to you who has panic disorder, do not deny their anxiety or fear. Sympathizing with a painful heart or just talking warmly can make your heart feel lighter. The sense of security that someone is by your side is a great emotional support for panic disorder patients. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the symptoms and treatment of the disease.

When you hear “panic disorder”, many people may feel that it is a special disease. It is not unreasonable to have anxiety and fear of death if physical symptoms such as chest throbbing, dizziness, trembling of hands and feet, and suffocation appear suddenly. It’s a good disease if you get proper treatment, so it’s important to see a doctor without worrying about it alone.



Panic disorder is a disease in which panic attacks are repeated, and it is not uncommon for anticipatory anxiety and agoraphobia to interfere with daily life. The impact of illness is great, such as refraining from going out and being unable to go to work. In addition, the physical and psychological symptoms of panic attacks are difficult to control and difficult for those around them to understand. People say, “You don’t die from a panic attack,” but panic disorder is a very serious illness for the individual. Patients suffering from panic disorder and the people around them should start by learning about the disease.


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